Vembanad Lake

Kumarakom is on man-made land reclaimed from the vast Vembanad Lake. The name Kumarakom was derived from the deity of its oldest temple Kumaran. Kumaran's Akam or place became Kumarakom. The place was fertile and most suitable for cultivation of rice and coconut trees. This village was part of Vadakkancore kingdom. But in 1750 Marthanda Varma the King of Travacore conquered and annexed it to Travancore. The first Christian Church was built here in the year 1769 in the land granted by the King of Travancore.

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The Vadakkancore kingdom

Kumarakom’s history is known to be diverse and extremely rich. It is believed that Kumarakom derives its name from the person called Kumaran, who was a deity highly worshipped in the region. Actually a group of islands, it was owned by Vadakkancore Kingdom. Nevertheless, the place was conquered by Marthanda Varma, who founded Travancore rule here in the year 1750. He also gave permission for the construction of a church in the year 1769.

Kumarakom was once a part of the Vadakkancore kingdom. The King of Travancore, Marthanda Varma, conquered this region in 1750 and it became a part of the kingdom of Travancore. The first Christian Church was built in this region in 1769, with permission from the King of Travancore. This backwater village began developing into the beautiful tourist hotspot that it is today after the English farmer Alfred George Baker came to Kerala in 1847. Baker reclaimed 500 acres of the Vembanad Lake and developed it into a garden land and paddy fields. He constructed his family home, which came to be called the Baker House as well as the History House. Four generations of Bakers occupied this home till 1962. Some of the members of the Baker family established the Baker Memorial School in Kottayam around 1825. The Baker House, which was in ruins, was acquired by the Taj Group and renovated, and it is now a luxury heritage hotel.


Kumarakom shot to fame in 1947 when around 500 acres of its surrounding land was taken over by Alfred George Baker, a British farmer. Till date, he is given the credit of transforming the land and developing it as coconut plantations, and paddy fields. He also constructed the popular Baker House, which was the residence of around four generations of Bakers resided. Today, it is a heritage hotel and Kumarakom is a sought-after attraction.

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Connectivity to reach

By Air: The nearest Airport to Kumarakom is Cochin International Airport which at a distance of 85 kilometres. The Airport is well-connected to major cities across India and abroad. From the airport, you need to hire private cabs or taxis to reach Kumarakom.

By Train:
Kottayam Railway Station is just 16 kilometres away from Kumarakom. From the station, you can easily get cabs or taxis to reach the place.

By Road:
Plenty of Kerala state transport buses keep moving to Kumarakom from Kottayam. Kottayam bus station is well connected to all major cities around Kerala through KSRTC buses. Private air-conditioned buses are available to Kottayam from other major cities of South India such as Bangalore, Chennai and Mangalore.

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Climate & best time to visit

Summer (March to May): Summers are not exactly the season time for Kumarakom, as the temperature usually shoots up, sometimes making it inconvenient to fully enjoy the potential of the place. The influx of tourists drops down during this time. However, that also means a reduction in the costs. So if you are not the kind to get beaten by the heat, make the most of the opportunity.

Monsoon (June to August): Monsoon brings out another beautiful face of Kumarakom with all the flora and fauna blessed with a fresh life. However, plans to go for boat rides might not go as per the plans. Hence, monsoon too might not be the perfect time for a visit.

Winter (December to February): The winter chill that wraps the place turns it into a heaven and opens doors for active tourism. You can indulge in literally everything Kumarakom has to offer, without having to worry about climatic fluctuations.

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