The capital of the Chola
Thanjavur was once the
capital of the Chola, Nayak and Maratha rulers and is situated in the delta of
river Cauvery. The name Thanjavur is said to have been derived from
Thanja, a demon who was haunting the locality and whom, according the legend,
did Lord Vishnu destroy. As per the dying request of the demon, that the
city be named after him, it came to be called as Thanjavur. It is also
called as the City of Refuge, derived from the word Thanjan. The place is
acalled as the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu.
Thanjavur (Tanjore) became a
major townduring the rule of the Chola Kings from the 11th to the 14th Century.
Apart form rising to glory this place became a great seat of learning and
culture. The town, Thanjavur, is the head-quarters of the District. One special
landmark of Thanjavur is, this place is known as the Rice Bowl of Tamilnadu
State and Rice is transported throughout the country as well as exported else
The history of Thanjavur is
far older than the Chola period itself. The city rose to glory during the
later Chola reign between the 10th and 14th centuries. It reached its
zenith becoming the centre of Tamil learning and culture during the Chola
rule. It continues to enjoy the importance even today due to its culture
and contribution to music and dance. In the city, there are rare
specimens of old art and architecture, inscriptions and paintings created centuries
ago. It is known for its exquisite handicrafts, bronze castings,
articles, and South Indian musical instruments.
Raja Raja Chola conquered the
pandyas and the eastern Chalukyas in about the middle of the 10th century and
founded a mighty kingdom with Thanjavur as his capital. He and his successors
in the dynasty enriched the place with grand temples and palaces.