UNESCO World Heritage Site

Thanjavur (Tanjavur or Tanjore) is a temple site in the Tamil Nadu region of southern India. Thanjavur was the capital of the great Chola (Cola) king Rajaraja I, and it was he who commissioned the site’s magnificent temple, the Brihadishvara, in the early 11th century CE. Many other temples and shrines were added over the centuries making Thanjavur one of the most important and most visited historical sites in India today. Thanjavur is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. 

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The capital of the Chola

Thanjavur was once the capital of the Chola, Nayak and Maratha rulers and is situated in the delta of river Cauvery.  The name Thanjavur is said to have been derived from Thanja, a demon who was haunting the locality and whom, according the legend, did Lord Vishnu destroy.  As per the dying request of the demon, that the city be named after him, it came to be called as Thanjavur.  It is also called as the City of Refuge, derived from the word Thanjan.  The place is acalled as the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu.

Thanjavur (Tanjore) became a major townduring the rule of the Chola Kings from the 11th to the 14th Century. Apart form rising to glory this place became a great seat of learning and culture. The town, Thanjavur, is the head-quarters of the District. One special landmark of Thanjavur is, this place is known as the Rice Bowl of Tamilnadu State and Rice is transported throughout the country as well as exported else where.

The history of Thanjavur is far older than the Chola period itself.  The city rose to glory during the later Chola reign between the 10th and 14th centuries.  It reached its zenith becoming the centre of Tamil learning and culture during the Chola rule.  It continues to enjoy the importance even today due to its culture and contribution to music and dance.  In the city, there are rare specimens of old art and architecture, inscriptions and paintings created centuries ago.  It is known for its exquisite handicrafts, bronze castings, articles, and South Indian musical instruments.

Raja Raja Chola conquered the pandyas and the eastern Chalukyas in about the middle of the 10th century and founded a mighty kingdom with Thanjavur as his capital. He and his successors in the dynasty enriched the place with grand temples and palaces.

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Connectivity to reach

By Air: There is no airport in Tanjore, and the nearest international airport from Tanjore is the Tiruchirapalli or Trichy. One of the busiest airports in the state of Tamil Nadu, the Trichy airport has regular flights from all over the India and also operates the International flights from Asia, Middle East and Europe.

By Rail: Tanjore is well connected to rest of India via train network. There are direct trains to Tanjore from cities like Mumbai, Goa, Chennai, and Bangalore. Tanjore Junction is situated at a distance of 2 km from the city center. While the Tiruchirapalli is the nearest major railhead which is the major stopover on the Thiruvananthapuram Chennai route.


By Road: Tanjore is well connected with other nearby South Indian. The road condition is good and you can expect a memorable journey when you travel from these cities to Tanjore as the sights of lush green paddy fields will greet you on the way.

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Climate & best time to visit

Summer from March to May: The summer season starts from month of March lasts until May. The city experiences a hot and humid weather in which the temperature ranges between 26°C and 40°C making summer season unfavourable for tourism.

Monsoon from June to September:
The monsoon starts from June and continued till September. Suring these months, their will be heavy rainfall. The temperature come down, but this is not the ideal time to visit. However the hotel offers the best rate to attract tourist as this is consider as off season.

Winter from October to February:
This marks the winter season and the ideal season to plan a trip to Thanjavur as the weather during this time remains pleasant and ranges between 20°C and 32°C. Do not forget to take the warm clothes.

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