Meenakshi Amman Temple

Madurai is a major city in the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. The city has a number of historical monuments, with the Meenakshi Amman Temple and Tirumalai Nayak Palace being the most prominent. Madurai is an important industrial and educational hub in South Tamil Nadu. The city is home to various automobile, rubber, chemical, hand loom textiles and granite manufacturing industries. It has developed as a second-tier city for information technology (IT), and some software companies have opened offices in Madurai.

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Madurai has a rich historical background

It is narrated in legend that Madurai was originally a forest known as Kadambavanam. One day, a farmer named Dhananjaya who was passing through the forest, saw Indra (The king of the gods), worshipping a swayambhu (self-created Lingam ) under kadamba tree. Dhananjaya, the farmer immediately reported this to King Kulasekara Pandya. Kulasekara Pandya cleared the forest and built a temple around the Lingam. A city was soon planned with the temple as its centre. On the day the city was to be named, Lord Shiva is said to have appeared and drops of nectar from his hair fell on the town. So, the place was named Madurai – mathuram meaning “sweetness” in Tamil.

Madurai has a rich historical background in the sense that Lord Shiva himself performed sixty-four wonders called “Thiruvilaiyadals”. 
Legend has it that Shiva showered drops of nectar (madhuram) from his locks on to the city, giving rise to the name Madurai – 'the City of Nectar'.

Ancient documents record the existence of Madurai from the 3rd century BC. It was a trading town, especially in spices, and according to legend was home to the third sangam (gathering of Tamil scholars and poets). Over the centuries Madurai came under the sway of the Cholas, Pandyas, local Muslim sultans, Hindu Vijayanagar kings and the Nayaks, who ruled until 1736 and set out the old city's lotus shape. The bulk of the Meenakshi Amman Temple was built under Tirumalai Nayak (1623–59), and Madurai became the hub of Tamil culture, playing an important role in the development of the Tamil language.

In 1840 the British East India Company razed Madurai's fort and filled in its moat. The four broad Veli streets were constructed on top and to this day define the old city's limits.

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Connectivity to reach

By Flight: It is very convenient to reach Madurai by air. It is well connected to all the major cities in the country through regular flights. Also, the airport is just 10 km away from the main city.

By Train:
It falls on the Madurai-Tiruchirappalli-Dindigul-Quilon line which is an important junction of the southern railways. There are abundant train services to Madurai throughout the year. However, advance booking is recommended during the summer and holiday season.

By Road:
  There are bus services from most of the major cities in South India. NH 44 leads to the city. Madurai is well connected to all parts of South India. The city has 5 major bus stands, from where you can get a bus to almost every city in Tamil Nadu.

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Climate & best time to visit

Winter (December-February): The season lasts from December to February. The temperature during the winter months ranges from 20 degree Celsius to 29 degree Celsius. The season is characterised by moderately cool temperatures which make travelling around the city a pleasant experience for all individuals.

Monsoon (June - August):
Monsoon season in Madurai lasts from June to August. The south-west monsoon winds bring in a large amount of rainfall which is extremely heavy. This rainfall also makes the weather gloomy but still makes the city beautiful as the nature around Madurai mainly benefits from this rain.

Madurai in Summer (March-July):
The summer season in Madurai lasts from March to May. The temperatures during this season range from 24 degree Celsius to 34 degree Celsius. The weather is hot & really dry which makes the heat more noticeable and discourages travellers to visit. 

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