The city of Calcutta is a legendary metropolis, an ancient metropolis and the capital of West Bengal, which is located directly on the banks of the Hugli River. Indigenous people call it "Kolkata". It is known as the center of political, cultural and scientific life. The second largest city in India, Calcutta until 1911 was the capital of British India. Most of the population is Bengalis, so the most common language is Bengali.